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Point Three Carpet Maintenance

Carpet Cleaning Methods & Equipment – Which is better?

Carpet cleaning is a crucial aspect of maintaining a healthy and clean living environment. There are several commercial carpet cleaning methods, but two of the most popular are hot water extraction and encapsulation. These two methods have their advantages and disadvantages, and understanding their differences will help you make an informed decision on which method to use for your carpet cleaning needs.

Hot Water Extraction

Hot water extraction, also known as steam cleaning, is the most popular and effective carpet cleaning method used today. This method involves spraying hot water and a cleaning solution onto the carpet and then extracting the solution using a powerful vacuum.

One of the primary advantages of hot water extraction is that it is very effective at removing dirt, grime, and stains from deep within the carpet fibers. It is also effective at removing allergens and bacteria that may be present in the carpet. This method is also suitable for carpets that are heavily soiled or stained.

❌ However, hot water extraction has some downsides. The process uses a significant amount of water, which can result in longer drying times. This can be inconvenient for households or businesses that require quick turnaround times. Also, if not done properly, over-wetting can cause damage to the carpet or even promote mold growth.

point three carpet maintenance ltd

Our Hot Water Extraction Equipment


• For Truck Mount Hot Water Extraction, we have a variety of vans equipped with extremely powerful  machines. The newest (purchased in January 2023) has enough vacuum and heating power to run up to  1200’ of hose without any vacuum loss.

We can also run 2 or 3 smaller set ups off this machine when  possible. We also have the next most powerful unit available which can run up to 400’ of hose. 

hot water extraction carpet machine










At Point 3, we also have 4 Direct Drive Truck Mount Units (no photos attached) which get their power from the van’s engine.  These machines are especially well suited to our residential carpet cleaning division.

• For Portable Hot Water Extraction, we have 2 different units available. The newest – Rotovac Monsoon – has extremely good vacuum power for a Portable machine. The disadvantage of this machine is that it is much louder than the other machines in our Portable fleet – the Steamway Impulse 900. The older  Steamway machines have a much more durable pump and are easier to move around than the Monsoon.  Both have their advantages and offer great performance for a Portable Hot Water Extraction machine.

hot water carpet extractor



Encapsulation is a relatively new carpet cleaning method that has gained popularity in recent  decades. This method involves applying a cleaning solution to the carpet, which encapsulates or traps the dirt and grime. Once the cleaning solution dries, the contaminants can be easily removed through vacuuming.

One of the significant advantages of encapsulation is that it uses less water than hot water extraction, which results in faster drying times. Encapsulation is also effective at preventing stains from reappearing, which is a common problem with other carpet cleaning methods.

❌ However, encapsulation may not be as effective as hot water extraction at removing heavily soiled or stained carpets. Also, some types of carpets may not be compatible with encapsulation. For instance, carpets with long pile fibers or shag carpets may not respond well to this cleaning method.

point three carpet maintenance ltd

Our Encapsulation Equipment


For Encapsulation (Counter Rotating Brush) Cleaning, we use the R.E. Whittaker Trio. As per the carpet specifications, this machine would be used for pre-agitation prior to Hot Water Extraction.

encapsulation carpet cleaning machine

To speed up drying times, especially after using a portable hot water extraction machine, we use low  amperage but high powered Air Movers called Velo Pro. These are stackable, easy to move and multiple  units can be “daisy-chained” together when there are not enough electrical outlets to power them.

drying carpets


Which Carpet Cleaning Method is better?

Both hot water extraction and encapsulation are effective carpet cleaning methods that offer their unique advantages and disadvantages. Understanding the differences between these methods and their variations will help you make an informed decision on which method to use for your carpet cleaning needs.

carpet cleaning methods and equipment: truck mounts, portable and encapsulation carpet cleaning

Ultimately, the best method will depend on your specific circumstances, such as the type of carpet, the level of soiling and the preferred drying time.The best carpet cleaning method should be chosen based on the specific needs and requirements of the carpet and the environment in which it is located.

At Point 3, we are experts in designing customized carpet maintenance plans to cover all the needs of your business or hotel all over Vancouver, Whistler and the Fraser Valley. Don’t hesitate to contact us and start today to keep your business carpets always looking their best!